Defined as balancing the fulfillment of human needs with the protection of the natural environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. The term was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as development that “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

The field of sustainable development can be conceptually divided into four general dimensions: social, economic, environmental and institutional. The first three dimensions address key principles of sustainability, while the final dimension addresses key institutional policy and capacity issues

The Brundtland Report highlighted the three fundamental components of sustainable development, the environment, the economy, and society, and highlighted a number of major proposals for sustainable development:


We should conserve and enhance our resource base, by gradually changing the ways in which we develop and use technologies.

Social Equity

Developing nations must be allowed to meet their basic needs of employment, food, energy, water and sanitation. If this is to be done in a sustainable manner, then there is a definite need for a sustainable level of population.

Economic Growth

Economic growth should be revived and developing nations should be allowed a growth of equal quality to the developed nations.

SOURCE:  Portal Sustainable Development