Biocultural diversity is a relatively new term that is becoming widely used to convey the deep relationship between biological and cultural diversity, and how the interaction between them contributes to the resilience and health of our planet. It describes the different dimensions of biodiversity, from species to ecosystems, and all the ways in which diverse cultures express themselves, from language to music, to foods to governance. All of these expressions are reflections of the ecosystems in which cultures are embedded.

Recognising and valuing the beliefs, knowledge, practices and social organization of local communities and indigenous peoples, and their fundamental right to be different, is the foundation of justice amongst humans.

The loss of biocultural diversity, through the imposition of global uniformity, endangers both human and ecological health and well being. It undermines the right and capacity of communities to choose their own way of life – communities who have developed mutually enhancing ways of living within their environment for millennia. In the present context of climate instability, these are the traditions which have the greatest ability to adapt to the global challenges because they can read what Nature is saying.

via Biocultural Diversity | gaiafoundation.org.

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