Land governance is about managing diverging interests, competing claims, and processes of inclusion and exclusion. It is also about processes of institutional change, as the rules of access to land and the nature of property regimes change, covering a wide range of
topics (tenure rights, land administration, land use, systems for dispute resolution).

Land governance choices are influenced by paradigms related to agricultural development, private sector development, public administration, law, gender equity, indigenous rights, environmental governance, etc. Today, a range of new, often opposing pressures and interests need to be reconciled. Land governance needs to strike a balance between protecting rights and promoting the most productive use of land; between economic progress, sustainable land use and social justice.

Although new land policies seek to secure the rights of smallholders, these policies (or other policies) promote large-scale farming and productive use of land. Other issues that influence policies related to land are the aspirations of rural inhabitants to leave for urban areas, the implications for land rights and use of rapid urban expansion, processes of speculation in the peri-urban sphere, and ‘rurbanization’. The key question is how to deal with new pressure and competing claims, while maximizing opportunities for
inclusive and equitable development.

Research on this topic is therefore essential examining various issues at multiple level pf governance across scale and axis. Combining the study of land use and natural resource governance would cover current and multiple issues across the globe. LUNaR tries to address these issues with examples taken from different countries.
More to come…..