Archive for July, 2013

Transdisciplinary Approach

Transdisciplinary Approach

The transdisciplinary approach is a framework for allowing members of an educational team to contribute knowledge and skills, collaborate with other members, and collectively determine the services that most would benefit a child. According to Bruder (1994), “This approach integrates a child’s developmental needs across the major developmental domains” and “involves a greater degree of collaboration than other service delivery models” (p. 61).

Bruder (1994) describes this approach in more detail:

“A transdisciplinary approach requires the team members to share roles and systematically cross discipline boundaries. The primary purpose of this approach is to pool and integrate the expertise of team members so that more efficient and comprehensive assessment and intervention services may be provided. The communication style in this type of team involves continuous give-and-take between all members (especially with the parents) on a regular, planned basis. Professionals from different disciplines teach, learn, and work together to accomplish a common set of intervention goals for a child and her family. The role differentiation between disciplines is defined by the needs of the situation rather than by discipline-specific characteristics. Assessment, intervention, and evaluation are carried out jointly by designated members of the team. This teamwork usually results in a decrease in the number of professionals who interact with the child on a daily basis.” (p. 61)

via Transdisciplinary Approach.

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What Is the Difference Between a Transdisciplinary Team & a Multidisciplinary Team? | Chron.com

By: Neil Kokemuller, Demand Media

A transdisciplinary team is one in which members come together from the beginning to jointly communicate, exchange ideas and work together to come up with solutions to problems. A multidisciplinary team is one in which members use their individual expertise to first develop their own answers to a given problem, and then come together — bringing their individually developed ideas — to formulate a solution.

Along with transdisciplinary and multidisciplinary teams, interdisciplinary teams are discussed. Each of these models share very similar traits in the sense that a number of individual experts work together to solve cases or resolve issues. Subtle differences begin with the multidisciplinary approach, where individuals each approach a situation or problem from their own perspective and then share findings. Interdisciplinary teams are similarly interdependent, but efforts are collaborative and team members work together toward a resolution.

In transdisciplinary teams, disciplinary lines are more blurred.

Transdisciplinary Team Basics

A transdisciplinary team allows members to contribute their own knowledge and expertise, but efforts are collective in determining best ideas or approaches, according to the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory overview of the topic.

When transdisciplinary teams are used in health care, providers from multiple disciplines collaborate and share ideas from the beginning to create a total health care plan that covers all necessary diagnoses and treatment for a patient. For instance, someone recovering from serious physical trauma may require close collaboration between medical doctors, therapists and mental health care providers in the recovery.

Multidisciplinary Team Basics

The primary purpose and benefit of a multiple discipline approach is that each team member can use his expertise and work autonomously to come up with findings. When members share their results, it allows them to see whether their findings are consistent or contradictory.

Consistent findings uncovered by separate experts support the accuracy of the findings or determination of a solution. Contradiction requires further analysis and discussion. In other instances, project members in a work setting may have very distinct roles in the completion of a project. Project schedules lay out time lines when each element of the project is completed. In some instances, each expert area contributes its portion distinctly from others.Cross-Organizational Teams

One common type of transdisciplinary team in an organization is known as a cross-organizational team. Its purpose in a workplace is to intentionally break down divisional, functional or departmental lines and cause collaboration in a universally important business system or project. For instance, when companies introduce the prominent, early 21st century business-marketing system of customer-relationship management — or CRM — formation of a cross-organizational team is a common starting point. This is important because CRM involves collaboration among all departments to direct their functions to providing the best total customer experience possible. This is challenging in organizations with strong separation of functional areas.

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Urban renewal – Do we need this for certain areas in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah?

Urban renewal is a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use. Renewal has had both successes and failures. Its modern incarnation began in the late 19th century in developed nations and experienced an intense phase in the late 1940s – under the rubric of reconstruction.

Kg. Sembulan within the Kota Kinabalu. the city of North Borneo- needed urban renewal

Kg. Sembulan within the Kota Kinabalu. the city of North Borneo- needed urban renewal

The process has had a major impact on many urban landscapes, and has played an important role in the history and demographics of cities around the world.Urban renewal involves the relocation of businesses, the demolition of structures, the relocation of people, and the use of eminent domain government purchase of property for public purpose as a legal instrument to take private property for city-initiated development projects. This process is also carried out in rural areas, referred to as village renewal, though may not be exactly the same in practice.[1]

More:  Here

Socio-Economic Studies Mackenzie Natural Gas Pipeline Project

As part of the regulatory application process, a study was undertaken to understand how the proposed Mackenzie Gas Project might affect the social and economic well-being and the way of life of northern communities.Communities in the Northwest Territories

The Socio-economic Impact Assessment SEIA identified the Project’s economic, social, community, and cultural effects and recommended ways to optimize beneficial effects and minimize adverse effects.Public input and traditional knowledge were an important part of this assessment.

A socio-economic effects monitoring plan will be implemented to evaluate how accurately the SEIA identified project effects and how well the effects are being managed.Thirty communities are part of the study. They were chosen because they: Are within 200 kilometres of the proposed major facilities and have a direct historic, cultural or economic link to the project area Have areas used for traditional activities, such as hunting or trapping, that could be directly affected by the project facilities or operations

Have populations that could provide many employees for construction or operations jobs Might experience an increase in traffic from construction-related vehicles Might service the construction or operations phase of the Project.

via Socio-Economic Studies Mackenzie Natural Gas Pipeline Project Group.

80% of rainforests in Malaysian Borneo logged

80 percent of the rainforests in Malaysian Borneo have been heavily impacted by logging, finds a comprehensive study that offers the first assessment of the spread of industrial logging and logging roads across areas that were considered some of Earth’s wildest lands less than 30 years ago.

The research, conducted by a team of scientists from the University of Tasmania, University of Papua New Guinea, and the Carnegie Institution for Science, is based on analysis of satellite data using Carnegie Landsat Analysis System-lite CLASlite, a freely available platform for measuring deforestation and forest degradation. It estimated the state of the region’s forests as of 2009.

The study uncovered some 226,000 miles 364,000 km of roads across Sabah and Sarawak, and found that roughly 80 percent of the two states have been impacted by logging or clearing. At best, only 45,400 square kilometers of forest ecosystems in the region remain intact.”The extent of logging in Sabah and Sarawak documented in our work is breathtaking,” said study co-author Phil Shearman of the University of Papua New Guinea. “The logging industry has penetrated right into the heart of Borneo and very little rainforest remains untouched by logging or clearfell in Malaysian Borneo.”

“There is a crisis in tropical forest ecosystems worldwide, and our work documents the extent of the crisis on Malaysian Borneo,” added lead author Jane Bryan of the University of Tasmania. “Only small areas of intact forest remain in Malaysian Borneo, because so much has been heavily logged or cleared for timber or oil palm production.”Rainforests that previously contained lots of big old trees, which store carbon and support a diverse ecosystem, are being replaced with oil palm or timber plantations, or hollowed out by logging.”

via 80% of rainforests in Malaysian Borneo logged.

MALAYSIAN ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (MSIA)

An Invitation to MSIA Forum in Conjunction with its 8th Annual General Meeting.

There will be two presenters who will share their experiences and this will be followed by an open discussion by MSIA Members. The Speakers are:

1. Dr. Gaim James Lunkapis, Senior Lecturer, School of Social Science, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, also a Member of MSIA. He will present on The Quality Of Social Impact Assessment Within the Environmental Impact Assessment in Sabah.

2. Kamaruzaman Bin Hussen, Senior Assistant Director, Strategic and SIA Division, Highway Planning Unit, Ministry of Works, Malaysia. His presentation is entitled The Role of Social Impact in Highway Planning.

Moderator: Philip Philipose

Details are as follows:

Date : 5th July 2013 (Friday)

Time : 4.00 – 5.00 pm.

Venue : Bilik Tanjung, Jabatan Perancangan Bandar dan Desa Semenanjung Malaysia

, Jalan Cenderasari,50646 Kuala Lumpur.

Your participation is appreciated.

Secretariat

MSIA

via MALAYSIAN ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (MSIA).

IAIA – International Association for Impact Assessment

Impact assessment, simply defined, is the process of identifying the future consequences of a current or proposed action.

IAIA is the International Association for Impact Assessment, the leading global network on best practice in the use of impact assessment for informed decision making regarding policies, programs, plans and projects.

IAIA was organized in 1980 to bring together researchers, practitioners, and users of various types of impact assessment from all parts of the world. IAIA involves people from many disciplines and professions. Our members include corporate planners and managers, public interest advocates, government planners and administrators, private consultants and policy analysts, university and college teachers and their students.

One of the unique features of IAIA is the mix of professions represented, which provides outstanding opportunities for interchange: to advance the state of the art and science of impact assessment in applications ranging from local to global to develop international and local capability to anticipate, plan and manage the consequences of development to enhance the quality of life for all. To ensure professional specialty interests are fully addressed, IAIA offers a number of special interest-area sections.

IAIA activities seek to (1) develop approaches and practices for comprehensive and integrated impact assessment, (2) improve assessment procedures and methods for practical application, (3) promote training of impact assessment and public understanding of the field, (4) provide professional quality assurance by peer review and other means, and (5) share information networks, timely publications, and professional meetings.

Read More: HERE