Urban renewal is a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use. Renewal has had both successes and failures. Its modern incarnation began in the late 19th century in developed nations and experienced an intense phase in the late 1940s – under the rubric of reconstruction.

Kg. Sembulan within the Kota Kinabalu. the city of North Borneo- needed urban renewal

Kg. Sembulan within the Kota Kinabalu. the city of North Borneo- needed urban renewal

The process has had a major impact on many urban landscapes, and has played an important role in the history and demographics of cities around the world.Urban renewal involves the relocation of businesses, the demolition of structures, the relocation of people, and the use of eminent domain government purchase of property for public purpose as a legal instrument to take private property for city-initiated development projects. This process is also carried out in rural areas, referred to as village renewal, though may not be exactly the same in practice.[1]

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