Archive for March, 2014

JOAS kecewa kerajaan tolak syor mengenai hak Orang Asal

KOTA KINABALU: Jaringan Orang Asal SeMalaysia (JOAS) kecewa dengan tindakan kerajaan Malaysia yang dianggapnya tidak menghormati hak-hak Orang Asal (OA) negara ini selepas ia menolak syor-syor yang dikemukakan di Majlis Hak Asasi Manusia Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu.

“Ini menunjukkan yang kerajaan tidak ikhlas dan tidak menghormati hak-hak OA Malaysia. Kami kecewa dan kami tidak akan menghormati kerajaan yang tidak menghormati kami,” kata JOAS dalam sidang akhbar di sini, pada Rabu.

Kata JOAS, mereka menolak penjelasan kerajaan Malaysia kenapa ia tidak menerima enam syor berkaitan hak-hak Orang Asal, ketika kitaran kedua Penilaian Penggalan Sejagat (UPR) dibentang di Majlis Hak Asasi Manusia Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu.

JOAS daripada 83 ahli organisasi masyarakat, lima calon ahli dan lima ahli gabungan NGO menyatakan rasa amat terkejut dengan maklum balas Malaysia itu.

Dalam kitaran UPR ini, JOAS sudah bertungkus-lumus berbincang dengan pihak Kementerian Luar Negeri di Kuala Lumpur dan di Geneva supaya menerima syor-syor berkaitan hak Orang Asal dan mendapat respon positif daripada mereka.

Enam syor itu ialah:

* Kebenaran lawatan ke Malaysia oleh Pelapor Khas Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu (PBB) mengenai Hak-hak Orang Asal;

* Memastikan undang-undang berhubung Orang Asal dan pelaksanaannya mematuhi Deklarasi PBB mengenai Hak-hak Orang Asal;

* Memastikan hak-hak Orang Asal dan orang tempatan yang bergantung kepada hutan terjamin dalam undang-undang, khususnya hak-hak berkenaan tanah, wilayah dan sumber-sumber tradisi/adat.

* Cadangan menubuhkan Suruhanjaya Kebangsaan Orang Asal yang bebas dan memastikan undang-undang, dasar dan pelaksanaannya selari dengan Deklarasi PBB tentang Hak-hak Orang Asal;

* Menubuhkan sebuah badan bebas untuk menyiasat pertikaian terhadap tanah, wilayah dan sumber;

* Mengambil langkah-langkah menangani isu yang diketengahkan dalam Inkuiri Nasional mengenai Hak Tanah Orang Asli/Asal, dengan pembabitan berkesan dan sepenuhnya daripada Orang Asal.

Dalam laporan maklumbalasnya, kerajaan menyatakan Malaysia akan terus mengambil langkah melindungi dan menghormati hak-hak Orang Asal.

Ia juga berkata, ketika ini sebuah Pasukan Petugas terdiri daripada pegawai-pegawai kanan kerajaan, wakil-wakil masyarakat sivil dan ahli akademik, dalam proses menentukan antara lain, butir-butir dalam syor-syor yang dikemukakan yang boleh dilaksanakan dalam jangkamasa pendek, sederhana dan panjang.

“Oleh sebab kerajaan tidak mahu membuat pranilaian mengenai hasil perbincangan Pasukan Petugas, Malaysia tidak dapat menerima syor-syor itu ketika ini,” kata jurucakap kerajaan.

Namun kata JOAS, jumlah wakil Orang Asal dalam Pasukan Petugas hanyalah 30 peratus dan berdasarkan laporan dari wakil-wakil itu, perbincangan isu-isu penting adalah sangat terhad dan tidak mampu menangani penafian berterusan daripada wakil-wakil kerajaan terhadap pencabulan hak-hak tanah OA secara sistematik, seperti yang diketengahkan dalam laporan Inkuiri Nasional Suhakam.

“Sebagai salah satu ahli Majlis Hak Asasi Manusia PBB, Malaysia tidak patut mengelak daripada tanggungjawab antarabangsa untuk melindungi hak-hak Orang Asal yang selari dengan prinsip perundangan antarabangsa dan juga keputusan makhamah-makhamah sivil negara kita.

“Berdasarkan Laporan Inkuiri Nasional dan keadaan Orang Asal di lapangan, undang-undang dan dasar semasa adalah jauh daripada memuaskan dan tidak mencapai piawai hak asasi manusia, terutamanya Deklarasi PBB tentang Hak-hak Orang Asal,” kata JOAS.

“Alasan oleh kerajaan Malaysia untuk menolak syor-syor di UPR kerana kewujudan pasukan petugas, tidak boleh diterima.”

Read more: HERE.

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Borneo Research Council

The Council is composed of an international group of scholars engaged in research in Borneo. The Council’s goals are to:

  • Promote scientific research in the social, biological, and medical sciences in Borneo;
  • Permit the research community, interested Borneo government departments, and others to keep abreast of ongoing research and its results;
  • Serve as a vehicle for drawing attention to urgent research and its results;
  • Coordinate the flow of information on Borneo research arising from many diverse sources;
  • Disseminate rapidly the initial results of research activity;
  • Inform the interested public on research in Borneo.

Other functions include providing counsel and assistance to research endeavors, conservation activities, and the practical application of research results.

via Borneo Research Council.

▶ Orang Asal decry gov’t rejection of UNDRIP recommendations – YouTube

Orang Asal decry gov’t rejection of UNDRIP recommendations

via ▶ Orang Asal decry gov’t rejection of UNDRIP recommendations – YouTube.

Water Grabbing….. Scary combination – Land Grabbing old story

Recent large-scale land acquisitions for agricultural production (including biofuels), popularly known as ‘land grabbing’, have attracted headline attention. Water as both a target and driver of this phenomenon has been largely ignored despite the interconnectedness of water and land. This special issue aims to fill this gap and to widen and deepen the lens beyond the confines of the literature’€™s still limited focus on agriculture-driven resource grabbing. The articles in this collection demonstrate that the fluid nature of water and its hydrologic complexity often obscure how water grabbing takes place and what the associated impacts on the environment and diverse social groups are. The fluid properties of water interact with the ‘slippery’ nature of the grabbing processes: unequal power relations; fuzziness between legality and illegality and formal and informal rights; unclear administrative boundaries and jurisdictions, and fragmented negotiation processes. All these factors combined with the powerful material, discursive and symbolic characteristics of water make ‘water grabbing’ a site for conflict with potential drastic impacts on the current and future uses and benefits of water, rights as well as changes in tenure relations.

KEYWORDS: Water grabbing, land grabbing, resource conflicts, power relations, water rights, hydrologic complexity, reallocation, neoliberalism

Get your copy: HERE

The commodification of land and water

The phenomenon of the commodification of life is also affecting land. Fear of land grabbing is more than ever a threat. The dominant logic here is one of ‘land markets’, and is hidden behind new experiments and vocabulary such as ‘win-win’, ‘productive use’, ‘modernisation of small-holder agriculture’…

Indigenous Peoples and Water

Indigenous Peoples and Water

This ecological representation of water as a common good explains why the creation of the ‘water business’ and the commercial logic of ‘public-private partnerships’ is so unacceptable. This commercially based logic, over and above preaching democratisation and good governance, involves predatory appropriation of wealth that belongs to others by the private sector

Read References: HERE

Who are indigenous people and what makes them different?

There does not seem to be one definitive definition of indigenous people, but generally indigenous people are those that have historically belonged to a particular region or country, before its colonization or transformation into a nation state, and may have different—often unique—cultural, linguistic, traditional, and other characteristics to those of the dominant culture of that region or state. (For more details, see this fact sheet from the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

In some parts of the world, they are very few indigenous people, while in other parts, they may number into the hundreds of thousands, even millions. Over the years, many groups of people have been wiped out, either by diseases of colonizing peoples, or through policies of extermination.

Those indigenous societies that remain today are predominantly subsistence-based (i.e. farming or hunting for food for immediate use), and non-urbanized, sometimes nomadic.

via Rights of Indigenous People — Global Issues.

Malaysia rejects indigenous rights at the UN | Sarawak Report

In October 2013, Malaysia underwent its 2nd Cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the United Nations. The UPR is a process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 193 UN Member States. It provides an opportunity for all States to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries.

In an appalling response to the rights of Malaysia’s indigenous communities, the Malaysian Government has rejected the following recommendations made by the Governments of Denmark, Finland, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland.

Sarawak’s indigenous communities are fighting against a series of mega-dams which will destroy their Native Customary Rights (NCR) land. They have not been consulted.

Sarawak’s indigenous communities are fighting against a series of mega-dams that will destroy their Native Customary Rights (NCR) land. They have not been consulted.

Rejected recommendations:

Allow for the visit of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples (Denmark);

Ensure that laws on indigenous peoples as well as their implementation comply with the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Switzerland);

Ensure the rights of indigenous peoples and local forest dependent peoples in law and practice, in particular regarding their right to traditional lands, territories and resources (Norway);

Establish an independent National Commission on Indigenous Peoples and ensure that laws, policies and their implementations are in accordance with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Sweden);

Indigenous communities in have long fought illegal logging in Malaysia.

Hundreds of indigenous people are taking the Malaysian Government to court for encroaching on their native lands.

Establish an independent body to investigate disputes over land, territories and resources (New Zealand);

Take measures, with full and effective participation of indigenous peoples, to address the issues highlighted in the National Enquiry into the Land Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Finland).

In contradiction to their usual rhetoric, the Malaysian Government have stated that they will not comply with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples or ensure that Native Customary Rights (NCR) are protected. The Malaysian Government has justified their response to these recommendations by stating that:

‘Malaysia continues to take steps to better protect and respect the human rights of its indigenous population. Towards this end, SUHAKAM had undertaken an independent National Inquiry into the Land Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the findings and recommendations of which were submitted to the Government in August 2013.’

‘Currently, a Task Force comprising senior government officials, civil society representatives and academicians are in the process of determining, inter alia, details on which recommendations can be implemented in the short, medium and long term. As the Government does not wish to pre-judge the outcome of the Task Force’s deliberations, Malaysia is unable to accept these recommendations at this juncture.’

Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Rights Ms. Victoria Tauli-Corpez will not be able to visit Malaysia.

Newly appointed Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Rights Ms. Victoria Tauli-Corpez will not be able to visit Malaysia.

The report to which the Government refers to was originally leaked by Sarawak Report and took months before it was officially released. In the report Malaysia’s human rights commission SUHAKAM lambasted the Government on count after count over its conduct over native land rights.

It concluded that the indigenous people of the region have been “forced to become Coolies in their own lands” by the actions of the Land Custody and Development Authority (LCDA).

By rejecting these recommendations, the Malaysian Government have made their opinion on the rights of Malaysia’s indigenous communities shockingly clear.

For the full United Nations declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples please follow this link – http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/DRIPS_en.pdf

via Malaysia rejects indigenous rights at the UN | Sarawak Report.